8 – Adaptation strategies for pastoralists in the North

Frequent freeze-thaw events lead to icy layers that make it difficult for reindeer to reach the ground vegetation and to graze.

Roads, railways, extractive industries, hydroelectric power, windmillls and recreational activities cause land fragmentation and reduce the access to grazing land for reindeer.

How do adaptation strategies to such stressors interact with the risk of CSI?


© CLINF 2021-03-23